Thursday, April 6

I am so happy because I heard the news about Osomatsu San second season!!
Although we don't know when the anime series starts being aired, I cannot stop expressing my pleasure.

I'm so excited!
I cannot wait for the next series!!

Monday, February 27

Today, I downloaded three songs into my iPhone.
One song is titled "New Divide" by Linkin Park, which is an American rock band from Agoura Hills, California, in 1996. The song was recorded specifically for Michael Bay's film Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen.

Two songs are "Dance, Dance" and "I Don't Care" by Fall Out Boy, which is an American emo band formed in Wilmette, Illinois, a suburb of Chicago, in 2001. The vocalist is Patrick Martin Stumph, who won Best Vocalist at the 2016 Alternative Press Music Awards. He might be overweight, but he is good-looking and stylish. According to the site of Joysound, we can sing the two songs with watching the PV at karaoke.

I look forward to going to karaoke with my friends.

Tuesday, February 7

  Valentine's Day is coming. It's common for Japanese women to give chocolates to men. Women are encouraged to express love or gratitude to men by giving chocolates. Chocolates are often given to male co-workers, bosses, friends, family members, and so on. On the other hand, men give various gifts to women on March 14 called White Day. 
  This tradition started as a marketing tool for chocolate companies in Japan. There are several stories about the origin of the stories, but I think Morozoff Ltd. is the most likely origin which introduced Valentine's Day to Japan.
  In 1936 the company ran an advertisement in the Japan Advertiser  with the phrase, “For your Valentine, Make A Present of Morozoff’s Fancy Box Chocolates.” The Japan Advertiser a publication catering to foreigners.
  Morozoff Ltd. is one of Japan’s leading confectionery makers, starting from a chocolate shop in Kobe in 1931. Especially in Kansai area, it is popular among people as the firm that provides "Custard Puddings." The puddings are famous not only the delicious taste but also the durable glass pots.
  Employees say that the glass pots are indispensable to the creation of Morozoff’s Custard Puddings. By using of glass, the entire pudding is heated evenly right through to the center, maintaining that sublime soft texture. Maybe, most families in Kansai have the glass pots on their shelves for using as cups.

Sunday, January 22

Today, I read an article about the shadow economy of the Asia-Pacific.

According to the article, the shadow economy can be categorized into four groups: illegal monetary, illegal non-monetary, legal monetary and legal non-monetary transactions. 
At first, trade with stolen goods, drug dealing and manufacturing, prostitution, gambling, smuggling, and fraud can be regarded as illegal monetary transactions.  
Second, illegal non-monetary transactions mean barter of drugs, stolen goods, smuggling, etc. Produce or growing drugs for own use and theft for themselves also fall into this second group.
Third, legal monetary transactions mean tax evasion and tax avoidance. For example, unreported income from self-employment; wages, salaries, and assets from unreported work related to legal services and goods.
Fourth, legal non-monetary transactions consist of barter of legal
services and goods. All DIY work and neighbor help also fall into the group.

According to the table in the article, we can see that the largest shadow economy estimate is for Thailand, with 51.9% of official GDP. This is followed by Sri Lanka (43.7% of GDP) and the Philippines (42.6% of GDP). The next class of estimates includes India (22.8% of GDP) and Taiwan (19.6% of GDP). At the lower end of the scale is China (13.4% of GDP), New Zealand (12.9% of GDP) and Japan (11.3% of GDP).

Although the shadow economy consists common behaviors, it is bad for governments to let it grow because this unreported economic power prevents efficient implementation of public policy. The shadow economy affects the quality of national economic data. Therefore increasing shadow figures can impede progress of  economic policies.

Saturday, January 21

Today, I watched a Youtube video about the underground economy.
In the video, the host introduced three ways to measure the size of the hidden market. 

First, looking at the difference between the total income in a country report and its total expenditure. If an underground economy didn't exist, we would expect the two figures to be equal. The difference between the two maybe help to indicate the size of the informal economy in a given country.
Second, shedding light on the demand for cash since most of the underground transactions use in cash. Therefore, a greater demand for cash in an economy might signal a larger underground economy.
Third, focusing on the amount of electricity use. If the electricity use is high, and the GDP is relatively low, economists estimate the underground economy is doing pretty well.

I also read a PDF file after being inspired by the video. The article explains the shadow economy in Europe by using data in 2013. According to the article, the shadow economy is as large as 18.5 percent of economic activity. I was surprised that some Eastern European countries have the percentages more than 25%. But almost two-thirds of the shadow economy is concentrated in five largest economic powers are Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom.





目標:ITP577 iBT80
現在:ITP523 iBT63

My hobbies are reading books and studying English. I sometimes post an article in English to my blog.
Diary in English

2016秋 49,53,55, 523
2016春 50,48,54, 507
2015秋 47,47,54, 493
2015春 49,49,53, 503

2016/03 R16L15S14W18

2016/12 L375+R320=T695
2016/07 L440+R385=T825
2015/12 L380+R330=T710
2015/07 L400+R385=T785
2015/07 L360+R380=T740
2015/03 L345+R360=T705
2015/02 L315+R310=T625
2014/12 L420+R395=T815
2014/08 L350+R355=T705
2014/07 L345+R305=T650
2014/03 L340+R350=T690
2014/03 L355+R365=T720
2013/11 L355+R310=T665
2013/09 L385+R305=T690
2013/08 L330+R290=T620
2013/01 L280+R275=T555
2012/11 L270+R280=T550
2012/08 L260+R275=T535
2011/09 L245+R220=T465
2011/01 L280+R195=T475